Sewing machines are some of the most essential machines in human life. Literary every piece of cloth you use has gone through a sewing machine at some point. Sewing machines are used all over across the world. Whether you sew as a hobby or a profession, the sewing machines you use are bound to break down every now and them. While that is unfortunate, it should not stop you from sewing. It would be annoying to have to wait for a technician to repair the machine, only to find out the issue is minute and you could have solved it alone.
You need to understand the machine you have in and out, in order to have a stress-free experience with it. That includes understanding the problems your sewing machine is likely to run into, and how you can solve them. Running into some troubles with your machine from time to time is inevitable, especially if you use it regularly. To avoid discontinuation of your work for long periods, you need to know how to troubleshoot your sewing machine. This is a sewing machine troubleshooting guide. It will highlight the common problems you can run into with a sewing machine, and how you can solve them.
Sewing Machine Trouble Shooting Guide
- Thread Bunching Under the Fabric
This is one of the most common problems while you are in the middle of a project. You may notice you have a perfectly level stitch on the top and a bunching one at the bottom. Unlike popular belief that the bobbin is the problem, the thread snarls under the fabric because of lack of tension on the upper thread.
To start with, unplug the presser foot and rethread the machine. This refreshes the tension system and allows it to receive thread perfectly. Next, raise the take-up lever and needle to the highest point possible. Confirm whether you have the correct tension.
- Uneven and Skipping Stitches
This is yet another very common challenge. An experienced sewer will know this challenge is caused by either a broken, bent or damaged needle. You are supposed to replace the needle after every 16 hours of stitching.
The other reason for the challenge bow down to how you handle the fabric while sewing. Many people pull the fabric from behind while sewing. This can easily cause skipped stitches, an in some cases damaged needles. What you basically do while you pull the fabric from behind is force feed the feed dogs.
The solution is to change your needles regularly, and while stitching, hold the fabric in place and let the feed dog move it themselves. Do not force the machine. Work with its pace.
- Frequent Needle Breaks
Frequent needle breaks can be utterly annoying. Frequent needle breaks are not a big issue though. Most of the time they are caused by ignoring the needle use guidelines. You need to use the right needle on the right fabric. Needles range from size 8 to size 18. The lower sizes are for light fabrics while the big sizes are for tough fabric. If you use a size 10 needle on denim material, it will certainly break.